PTEN Antibody Immunohistochemistry on an FFPE Breast Carcinoma Tissue
|Summary and Explanation|
Phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) is a protein that, in humans, is encoded by the PTEN gene. Unlike most of the protein tyrosine phosphatases, this protein preferentially dephosphorylates phosphoinositide substrates. It negatively regulates intracellular levels of phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate in cells and functions as a tumor suppressor by negatively regulating Akt/PKB signaling pathway.
PTEN is one of the most commonly lost tumor suppressors in human cancer; in fact, up to 70% of men with prostate cancer are estimated to have lost a copy of the PTEN gene at the time of diagnosis. During tumor development, mutations and deletions of PTEN occur that inactivate its enzymatic activity leading to increased cell proliferation and reduced cell death. Frequent genetic inactivation of PTEN occurs in glioblastoma, endometrial cancer, and prostate cancer; and reduced expression is found in many other tumor types such as lung and breast cancer. In breast and prostate cancer, loss of PTEN antibody expression has been shown to correlate positively with advanced stage. Furthermore, PTEN mutation also causes a variety of inherited predispositions to cancer.
|Antibody Type||Rabbitt Monoclonal||Clone||RM265|
|Localization||Cytoplasmic, Nuclear||Control||Colon, Thymus, Skin, Kidney, Breast, Prostate, Breast Carcinoma, Prostatic Carcinoma|
|Presentation||PTEN is a rabbit monoclonal antibody derived from cell culture supernatant that is concentrated, dialyzed, filter sterilized and diluted in buffer pH 7.5, containing BSA and sodium azide as a preservative.|
|Note: For concentrated antibodies, please centrifuge prior to use to ensure recovery of all product.|