IHC of SOX-10 on a Frozen Acetone-Fixed Melanoma Tissue

Specification Sheets
Safety Data Sheet

SDS

Intended Use For Mohs In Vitro Diagnostic Use
Summary and Explanation

Transcription factor SOX-10 is a member of the SOX (SRY-related HMG-box) family of transcription factors involved in the regulation of embryonic development and in the determination of the cell fate. The encoded protein may act as a transcriptional activator after forming a protein complex with other proteins. This protein acts as a nucleocytoplasmic shuttle protein and is important for neural crest and peripheral nervous system development. Mutations in this gene are associated with Waardenburg-Shah and Waardenburg-Hirschsprung disease. Anti-SOX-10 has been recently shown to be a sensitive marker of melanoma, including conventional, spindled, and desmoplastic subtypes.

SOX-10 is expressed by metastatic melanomas and nodal capsular nevus in sentinel lymph nodes, but not by other lymph node components such as dendritic cells which usually express S100 protein. In scar specimens, immature fibroblasts, epithelioid granulomas, and histiocytic proliferations can histopathologically mimic residual melanoma and even be positive for MiTF and S100. However, SOX-10 is less likely to be expressed by fibroblasts or histiocytes, especially compared to MiTF and S100. Anti-SOX-10 produces a nuclear stain that provides a clean signal that is much sharper and darker in staining quality when compared to the use of antibodies against MiTF and S100.

Antibody Type Mouse Monoclonal Clone BSB-62
Isotype IgG2b/K Reactivity Paraffin, Frozen
Localization Nuclear Control Skin, Melanoma
Presentation Anti – SOX-10 is a mouse monoclonal antibody derived from cell culture supernatant that is concentrated, dialyzed, filter sterilized and diluted in buffer pH 7.5, containing BSA and sodium azide as a preservative.
Availability
Catalog No. Antibody Type Dilution Volume/QTY
BSB 3654 TintoFast Prediluted Ready-To-Use 3.0 ml
BSB 3655 TintoFast Prediluted Ready-To-Use 7.0 ml
BSB 3656 TintoFast Prediluted Ready-To-Use 15.0 ml

Mohs IHC Procedure

Specimen Preparation of Mohs Frozen Tissues

  1. Embed the specimen in OCT inside a cryostat.
  2. Cut sections at 4-5 µm and mount on a positively charged glass slide such as the Bio SB Hydrophilic Plus Slides (BSB 7028) or in the lower third of the TintoDetector Cap Gap slides (BSB 7006).
  3. Air dry the slide at room temperature for 2 minutes and then incubate the slide at 60 °C for 3 minutes in an incubator or dry bath.
  4. Fix in 100% acetone for 2 minutes at room temperature.
  5. Rinse with distilled water and air dry the slides for another 2 minutes at room temperature.

IHC Detection Procedure

  1. Transfer slides to ImmunoDNA washer, TBST or PBST buffer.
  2. For manual staining, perform antibody incubation at ambient temperature. For automated staining methods, perform antibody incubation according to instrument manufacturer’s instructions.
  3. Wash slides with ImmunoDNA washer, TBST, PBST or DI water.
  4. Continue IHC detection protocol. Wash slides between each step with ImmunoDNA washer, Tris or PBS Buffer solution.

Abbreviated Mohs Immunohistochemical Protocol

  1. Do HIER with Citrate in Pressure Cooker (100 – 121 °C) for 5 min. Cool off
  2. Wash with Buffer (TBST or PBST)
  3. Incubate slides with Peroxidase Blocker for 30 seconds
  4. Wash with Buffer (TBST or PBST)
  5. Incubate Primary Antibody for 4 min
  6. Wash with Buffer (TBST or PBST)
  7. Incubate with HRP Label for 3 min.
  8. Wash with Buffer (TBST or PBST)
  9. Prepare
    • DAB  Brown (1 drop of DAB chromogen in 1 ml of DAB Buffer; mix well)
    • or HRP Green (1 drop of HRP Green chromogen in 1 ml of HRP Green Buffer, mix well)
  1. Incubate with DAB or HRP Green for 2 min
  2. Wash with Buffer (TBST or PBST)
  3. Counterstain with Hematoxylin or Nuclear Fast Red for 30 seconds
  4. Wash with Buffer (TBST or PBST)
  5. Mount with AquaMounter or PermaMounter

For best results we recommend using Mohs Frozen sections fixed NBF10% for 2 min., then HIER with Citrate for 5 min. at 110 – 121 °C.

Step Mohs PolyDetector HRP Green 5 min Protocol Mohs PolyDetector HRP Green 10 min Protocol
Peroxidase Blocker 0.5 min. 0.5 min.
Primary Antibody 2 min 4 min.
1st Step Detection 1 min 3 min.
Substrate-Chromogen 1 min 2 min.
Counterstain / Coverslip 0.5 min 0.5 min.

This protocol can also be used with FFPE Tissues retrieved with Citrate or EDTA.

Related Products