IHC of Brachyury on a FFPE Chordoma Tissue
|Intended Use||For In Vitro Diagnostic Use|
|Summary and Explanation||Brachyury is a protein that in humans is encoded by the T gene. Brachyury is a transcription factor within the T-box complex of genes which appears to have a conserved role in defining the midline of a bilaterian organism and thus the establishment of the anterior-posterior axis; this function is apparent in chordates and molluscs. The number of cervical vertebrae is highly conserved among all mammals; however a spontaneous vertebral and spinal dysplasia (VSD) mutation in this gene has been associated with the development of six or fewer cervical vertebrae instead of the usual seven.
Expression of the brachyury gene has been identified as a definitive diagnostic marker of chordoma, a malignant tumor that arises from remnant notochordal cells lodged in the vertebrae. Furthermore, germ line duplication of brachyury confers major susceptibility to chordoma. The chromosomal region on 6q27 containing the brachyury gene was gained in 6 of 21 chordomas (29%), and none of the 21 chordomas analyzed showed deletions that could have affected this gene.
Brachyury is an important factor in promoting the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Cells that over-express brachyury have down-regulated expression of the adhesion molecule E-cadherin, which allows them to undergo EMT. Overexpression of brachyury has been linked to Hepatocellular carcinoma. While brachyury is promoting EMT, it can also induce metastasis of HCC cells. Brachyury expression is a prognostic biomarker for HCC, and the gene may be a target for cancer treatments in the future. Additionally, overexpression of brachyury may play a part in EMT associated with benign disease such as renal fibrosis.
|Antibody Type||Rabbit Monoclonal||Clone||RBT-TBXT|
|Localization||Nuclear||Control||Testis, Chordoma, Chondroma|
|Presentation||Brachury is a rabbit polyclonal antibody derived from cell culture supernatant that is concentrated, dialyzed, filter sterilized and diluted in buffer pH 7.5, containing BSA and sodium azide as a preservative.|
|Note: For concentrated antibodies, please centrifuge prior to use to ensure recovery of all product.|