IHC of OX-40 on an FFPE Lymph Node Tissue
|Intended Use||For Analyte Specific Reagent|
|Summary and Explanation|
OX-40 also known as CD134 and Tumor Necrosis Factor Receptor Superfamily Member 4 (TNFRSF4), is a member of the TNFR-superfamily of receptors which is not constitutively expressed on activated CD4 and CD8 T cells as well as a number of other lymphoid and non-lymphoid cells, unlike CD28. OX40 and its binding partner, OX40L (CD252), are costimulatory signals from OX40 to a conventional T cell to promote division and survival, augmenting the clonal expansion of effector and memory populations as they are being generated to antigen. OX40 and OX40L also regulate cytokine production from T cells, antigen-presenting cells, NK cells, and NKT cells, and modulate cytokine receptor signaling. In line with these important modulatory functions, OX40/OX40L interactions have been found to play a central role in the development of multiple inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. Besides the essential role played by OX40 signaling in generating memory CD4 T cells, recent reports show that it also has a unique role in generating memory CD8 T cells. In addition, recent genome-wide association studies have identified single-nucleotide polymorphisms of the OX40L and OX40 genes that are related to cardiovascular diseases and SLE, providing direct evidence for the involvement of the OX40-OX40L interaction in human diseases.
OX40 is a potent costimulatory receptor that can potentiate T-cell receptor signaling on the surface of T lymphocytes, leading to their activation by a specifically recognized antigen. In particular, OX40 engagement by ligands present on dendritic cells dramatically increases the proliferation, effector function, and survival of T cells. Preclinical studies have shown that OX40 agonists increase antitumor immunity and improve tumor-free survival by increasing T and B cell responses to reporter antigen immunizations, led to preferential upregulation of OX40 on CD4(+) FoxP3(+) regulatory T cells in tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes, and increased the antitumor reactivity of T and B cells in patients with melanoma.
|Antibody Type||Mouse Monoclonal||Clone||BSB-90|
|Localization||Cytoplasmic, Membranous||Control||Tonsil, Lymph Node, Thymus|
|Presentation||OX-40 / CD134 is a mouse monoclonal antibody derived from cell culture supernatant that is concentrated, dialyzed, filter sterilized and diluted in buffer pH 7.5, containing BSA and sodium azide as a preservative.|
|Note: For concentrated antibodies, please centrifuge prior to use to ensure recovery of all product.|